In the first chapter of the Monologion Anselm argues that there must be some one thing that is supremely good. The Monologion begins with several arguments for the existence of God, arguments at first glance Anselm’s project in the Monologion might seem rather fishy. Ratio, Intelligere, and Cogitare in Anselm’s Ontological ine Nolan – – Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association.

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Correctly understood, Anselm says, the argument of the Proslogion can be summarized as follows: For, it alone is that, than which there is nothing better at all, and which is better than all things, which are not what it is. Philosophia Christi 4 2: But if, from the material of the supreme Nature itself, any mobologion being can derive existence, the supreme good is subject to change and corruption.

Anselm of Canterbury – Wikipedia

For we express objects either by the sensible use of sensible signs, that monologgion, signs which are perceptible to the bodily senses; or by thinking within ourselves insensibly of these signs which, when outwardly used, are sensible; or not by employing these signs, either sensibly or insensibly, but by expressing the things themselves inwardly in our mind, whether by the power of imagining material bodies or of understanding thought, according to the monoloion of these objects themselves.

Nevertheless, there are not three fathers, or three sons or three spirits but one father, one son, and one spirit common to them.

Since, then, it is most patent that the essence of all beings, except the supreme Essence, was created by that supreme Essence, and derives existence from no material, doubtless nothing can be more clear than that this supreme Essence nevertheless produced from nothing, alone and through itself, the world of material things, so numerous a multitude, formed in such beauty, varied in such order, so anaelm diversified.

For not even beings of a relative nature exist thus mutually, the one mlnologion the other.

If, then, the supreme Nature can be so conceived of as not supreme, that still it shall be in no wise greater or less than when it is conceived of as the highest of all beings, it is manifest that the term supremetaken by itself, does not describe that Being which is altogether greater and better than whatever is not what it is. For, though every substance is susceptible of admixture of difference, or, at any rate, susceptible of mutation by accidents, the immutable purity of this Being anseln inaccessible to admixture or mutation, in any monilogion.


Anselm overcame his hostility first by praising, indulging, and privileging him in all things despite his hostility and then, when his affection and trust were gained, gradually withdrawing all preference until he upheld the strictest obedience.

Augustinian theodicy Best of all possible worlds Euthyphro dilemma Inconsistent triad Ansepm theodicy Natural evil Theodicy.

The Monologion Arguments for the Existence of God

It therefore follows, that he does not express the created world itself by a word corresponding to the created world. For, as are the mutual relations of the light and to light and lucent lux, lucere, lucenssuch are the relations of essence, and to be and being, that is, existing or subsisting.

We are confronted, then, by the former alternative, that is, how the supreme Nature can exist, as a whole, in every individual place and time. Hence, that Spirit, supreme as he is eternal, is thus eternally mindful of himself, and conceives of himself after the likeness of a rational mind; nay, not after the likeness of anything; but in the first place that Spirit, and the rational mind after its likeness.

For this too I believe since, unless I first believe, I shall not understand”. This task I have long refused to undertake. Peter King – unknown.

Monologion | work by Anselm of Canterbury |

BUT I seem to see a truth that compels me to distinguish carefully in what sense those things which were created may be said to have anxelm nothing before their creation. The proper way to state Anselm’s argument is a matter of dispute, and any detailed statement of the argument will beg interpretative questions.

For so, beholding a man of very lowly fortunes exalted with many riches and honors by some one, we say, “Lo, he has made that man out of nothing”; that is, the man who was before reputed as nothing is now, by virtue of that other’s making, truly reckoned as something. That is, statements like anything else are true when they do what they were designed to do; and what they were designed to do, as it happens, is to correspond to reality.


Therefore, if that than which a greater can be thought existed only in the understanding, it would be possible ,onologion think of something greater than it namely, that same being existing in reality as well. Proslogion and Ontological argument.

Saint Anselm

Whatever is, then, does ansel, exist except through something. But, if he conceives of himself eternally, he expresses himself eternally. The negotiations ended with Anselm being “given the choice of exile or total submission”: University of California Press.

The argument in the Proslogionthen, seeks to relate simplicity to the intuitive considerations that identify what is greatest and best with what is stable, uniform, and unchanging; the argument in the Monologionby contrast, seeks to show that simplicity is necessary if God is to be—as the theistic proofs have already established—the ultimate source of his own goodness and existence.

Therefore, that which exists through itself exists in the greatest degree of all things. Therefore, it does not exist, as a whole, at one time in individual places.

But, if it exists by parts in individual places or times, it is not exempt from composition and division of parts; which has been found to be in a high degree alien to the supreme Nature. Therefore, that very Being, which is certainly the supreme good, will not die of its own will. For example, a being that is capable of non-existence is less great than a being that exists necessarily. Seeing, then, that the truth already discovered has been satisfactorily demonstrated, it is profitable to examine whether this Nature, and all things that have any existence, derive existence from no other source than it, just as they do not exist except through it.

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