des variétés supérieures de safoutier, manguier du Gabon, kolatier et plusieurs autres .. de «Akpi» poussent à présent à côté du cacao, sa culture principale. Safou (African pear) is a tropical fruit which belongs to the trees Dacryodes edulis L. and belongs . J. () Guide de la culture du safoutier. Au Cameroun Toute la partie méridionale du pays, d’Ambam à l’escarpement de N’gaoundéré est propice à la culture du safoutier. Partout dans cette zone.

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In Cameroon the total annual production of safou has been estimated at tonnes inbut less than tonnes end up in marketing channels due to poor storage, poor transport links and home production.

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The tree has a dense, compact, spherical crown with a short, slightly fluted bole and whorled branches. Cultivation of the African plum Dacryodes edulis G.

It is also commercially imported as a fresh fruit to certain European countries, such as France and Cklture, from production sites in Cameroon, where intonnes of safou were exported.

How do you grow the safou tree? Vegetative propagation by both air layering and stem cutting is relatively cheap and easy but results can be inconsistent often dependent on the trees’ phenological state prior to propagation.

Safou African pear is a tropical fruit which belongs to the trees Dacryodes edulis L. It favours moist, shade conditions and is often incorporated into multi-farming systems, especially in its early years of growth.

Seeds are recalcitrant and should be extracted from the fruit with care to avoid injury. The tree can produce an annual yield of about – kg of pulp per tree. The tree favours acidic soils, with organic matter in the surface horizon, this improves its growth and production. The market and agronomic potential of this species has not yet been sufficiently studied in Gabon.


There is no detailed study of the pests affecting D. For seed propagation, fruits should be selected from trees with good production and quality. The soil moisture content is critical for good root growth, especially for young trees in their establishment stage.

La culture du safoutier Dacryodes edulis [G. Page was last modified It occurs in non-flooded forests in humid tropical zones, but in drier areas safou prefers slightly swampy ground. C and Kayem G. When planted out, young trees require adequate soil moisture to become well established ripe fruit, however, has a short storage life in humid climates 2 – 8 days without refrigeration.

Most producing countries do not grow the safou tree on a safuotier scale and fruits are collected from trees that grow in the wild and in home gardens. Views Read Edit View history. After a number of weeks, the growing culturw can be observed through the polythene film, the branch can then be severed and potted. Describe the connection issue. Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Societe et Environnement.

The leaves, stem and root barks are also used in traditional medicine to treat leprosy, dysentery, anemia and tonsillitis. A small area of bark is removed from a good quality tree. The cut area is safoutief with a soil mixture and kept in position with clear polythene film.

It can provide a stable income from sale of the fruits and their products. The fruits of this tree are widely appreciated and are sold regularly in all major urban markets.

High production of the safou exists in Cameroon, Congo, Gabon and Zaire to satisfy the demand at local markets. The seed kernel contains a high protein content and is often used as a livestock fodder.

It is used safoutiet make tool handles, mortars and is suitable for carpentry, firewood and timber. The safou tree is not yet a plantation crop, but is currently grown in small orchards.


The fresh pulp has a pear-like flavour and oily flesh. Air layering is the most common method of vegetative propagation. The fruits are harvested when other crops are out of season and provides a staple food for months of the year in some areas.

Safou – Appropedia: The sustainability wiki

The oil, which is extracted from both the pulp and the seed, is rich in palmitic, oleic and linoleic acids. It is a fast growing tree with an average life span of years.

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Selections 0 Clear all lists. In Gabon, the African plum Dacryodes edulis [G. It can be fried to produce a kind of butter and may also be consumed fresh. Presses Universitaires de Yaounde. Safou bark produces a resin that is used in local medicine for the treatment of parasitic diseases skin and jiggers.

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Local production is limited but is offset by cu imports from border countries. The fruit drupe or safou, is usually oblongcylindrical in shape and is 1. The timber is soft, elastic and grey-rose in colour. View on content provider’s site. Lam is an important fruit tree because of its nutritional value and its place within both the economy and the socio-cultural context.

Economics of the safou tree – The safou tree is an economically important species 7 tonnes of oil per hectare is extractable from cultivated safou. Retrieved from ” http: