Title, Democracia y totalitarismo. Volume of Biblioteca Breve · Biblioteca Breve. Ciencias Humanas · Biblioteca breve (Seix Barral).: Ciencias humanas. Democracia y totalitarismo. Front Cover. Raymond Aron. Seix Barral, – pages Bibliographic information. QR code for Democracia y totalitarismo. Democracia y totalitarismo. By Raymond Aron. About this book · Get Textbooks on Google Play. Rent and save from the world’s largest eBookstore. Read.
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Here, fanaticism is not incompatible with some scepticism. Ideology has become a mean to an end. It was still a fiction because, for them, only the democraccia political party represented the proletariat.
Raymond Aron studies as well the monopolistic political regimes, particularly the Soviet Union. The logical conclusion is the identification between State and party.
Aron also emphasizes the weaknesses of democracies in the foreign policy domain, due to its tendency to question plain facts and their doubts when assuming risks.
Otherwise, which political regime would be free of not being identified as an oligarchy? It is always worthy wondering if arkn authors raised to the category of classics are men of their time who could be considered old-fashioned nowadays.
The monopoly is justified since the political party is the only authentic representation, because its objective is the construction of a new and more fair society. Soviets had several constitutions that on paper meant a plural regime. As Aron suggested, change will come from a split in the privilege minority owning the power. These are very capable, as Lenin and Stalin showed, of sacrificing doctrine for the relevant action.
The book conclusion is the imperfection of both regimes, democracies and totalitarianism, but it is necessary to distinguish between a regime essentially imperfect and other one evidently imperfect.
Democracia y totalitarismo | Open Library
During his life, he totalitariemo outstanding economic analysis, but this was not incompatible with his affirmation that it is not always easy to know what economic powers want, although he underlines that ryamond is very simple to affirm that it is a unitary force. As opposed to Nazism and Fascism, which never conceal their hate towards liberal democracy, communist used to make a clear commitment to democracy, even raymobd they never applied it. Aron knew perfectly the man who was going to govern France.
All are imperfect, but paraphrasing Orwell, we could say some are more imperfect than others. In reaction to the accusations claiming that parties only represent some particular oligarchies, Aron believes them to be necessary for the existence of political pluralism.
Until which point could it evolve after the de-Stalinization driven by Khrushchev? They will doubtlessly useful.
Review by Antonio Rubio Plo, international politics analyst and professor of comparative politics and Spanish foreign policy. In these terms all others are traitors.
On the other side, Aron does not believe in the usual conspiracy theories, even less in those saying economic powers make use of political puppets, as usual common place. There is no doubt that by then changes were introduce in the economic aspect and the revolutionary fervor of the Marxist faith seemed to be weakened.
On another level, the author underlines the contrast between communist determinism and the democrracia played by the will of raynond leaders.
Rubio Plo Democracy and totalitarianism. De Gaulle did not need to use sedition to bury the Forth Republic. Nevertheless, this could not be used for the transformation of the system because party monopoly, ideological orthodoxy and bureaucratic absolutism continued.
Democracia y totalitarismo
Once again, the unconditional unanimities. On the contrary, he knew how to use his seduction abilities until the point of becoming a dictator like the ones of the Roman Republic, a man lauded by citizens who looked for a savior of France that could put an end to the discredit of the parliamentary republic institutions that existed up to then.
Aron believes in liberal democracy, but distrusts the unanimities and even more the ideologies which aim at building perfect systems.
Democracy and totalitarianism includes the nineteen lectures Aron taught at the Sorbonne University inwhen France was immersed in the Algerian war and the General De Gaulle was about to take power to establish the presidential rule of the French Fifth Republic.
Review by Antonio R. In this regard we could reflect on a Montesquieu quote, transcribed by Aron, who affirms that whenever we see everybody tranquil in a totalitarrismo that calls itself a republic, we can be sure that liberty does not exist there.
When revolutionary movements take power, one oligarchy usually replaces other. There was no need to wait for an uprising of the governed.