unification of the two Yemeni Republics in in relation to Edward Azar‟s theory of Protracted Social Conflict. The study verifies Azar‟s. 2 See Edward E. Azar, The Management of Protracted Social Conflict. Theory Theory of Protracted Social Conflict and the Challenge of Transforming Conflict. The Management of Protracted Social Conflicts: Theory and Cases. Front Cover. Edward E. Azar. Dartmouth Peace and conflict studies: an introduction.

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This involves the “political—economic relations of economic dependency within the international economic system, and the network of political-military linkages constituting regional and global patterns of clientage and cross-border interest. Since the start of war there were some attempts to reach a ceasefire. After parties have articulated their animosities, the next stage is termed the reflexive—reframing stage where the “why” and “who” of the issue is examined. This element, which contributes to the initial creation of protracted social conflict, consists of the fact that people involved in protracted social conflicts create their own identity groups.

The incidents escalated into a war in Julyafter the island-wide pogrom against Tamils. The communal groups may experience deep-seated cleavages based upon racial, religious, cultural or ethnic lines. He terms this approach the ARIA model. When a group’s identity is threatened or frustrated, intractable conflict is almost inevitable. These cleavages are characterized by continuing hostility with sporadic outbreaks of violence; and caused by the frustration of human needs for security, recognition, and distributive justice.

From the research made, it has been found that Rwanda offers ample evidence to be referred to as a protracted social conflict.


Protracted social conflict

It generally refers to conflicts described theofy other researchers as protracted or intractablei. This first step focuses on the tangible “what of the conflict. Use the lead layout guide to ensure the section follows Wikipedia’s norms and to be inclusive of all essential details.

In s the southern Republic of Cyprus applied for a membership in the European Unionand the Turkish Cypriots on the other side turned to Turkey. Therefore, this research work is a potential significant contribution to the building of meaningful and sustainable peace in Cojflict. They run a parallel government in many areas of the north and east of Sri Lanka.

But hostilities continued and even intensified. The division in changed the demographics of Cyprus dramatically, putting it in a position where federalist model would be the most appropriate. This page was last edited on 23 Septemberat Such a need for structural change is likely to result in a violent conflict. This in turn emphasizes Azar’s theory that the “deprivation of human needs is the underlying source of protracted social conflict” where conflict is emphasized by the collective grievances of a group of people.

Azar states that protracted social conflicts can be characterized by “incompetent, parochial, fragile, and authoritarian governments that fail to satisfy basic human needs.

Some features of this site may not work without it. This invasion caused an exodus of aboutGreek Cypriots to the south. To overcome the dominance of the international economy, the country in question must work to build institutions that can ease global dependency and stimulate domestic economic growth.

Protracted social conflict – Wikipedia

Since its independence in there has been a conflict between Sinhalese, which gained control over the Sri Lankan government, and different Tamil separatist movements. Among the Sinhalese, the anti-Tamil chauvinism started to spread and the Tamils protractd more and more disadvantaged and excluded.


Weaker states, like those often involved in protracted social conflict, tend to be more influenced by outside connections both economically and politically. Such identity-driven rifts are the result of an underlying fear of extinction that often grows within vulnerable ethnic groups who live with the memories or fear of persecution and massacre.

To alleviate the “underdevelopments” Azar holds responsible for protracted social violence, and in turn overcome the conflict resulting from underdevelopment, Azar points to the needs of security, development, political access and identity in terms of cultural and religious expression. Metadata Show full item record. Studying protracted conflict leads one to conclude that peace is development in the broadest sense of the term.

Identifying the root causes of the Rwanda conflict might provide a baseline for redressing the evils in the country. In the Ceasefire agreement was signed, and the government agreed to disarm all paramilitary groups in the north and east. Numerous peace proposals and plans have been made, but more or less unsuccessful.

This stage leads to the tangible resolution of the conflict. To overcome this division of society, national identity must be stressed over individual group identity.

With the military coup in the situation erupted into a major crisis.