STYLISTIC FOREGROUNDING. Definitions and concepts. • Foreground is a term usually used in art, having opposite meaning to background. • It’s a very. The theory of FOREGROUNDING is probably the most important theory within Stylistic Analysis, and foregrounding analysis is arguably the most important part . Foregrounding, in poetry is a way to make it stand out from ordinary writing. Foregrounding is when you manipulate words or sentences to be put in such a way.

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The other words are in lower case, but they are capitalised.

The first two are very similar parallelism and the third one starts out as similar, but our expectations are thwarted when it turns out different in fkregrounding deviation.

The most common way of introducing this extra patterning is by repeating linguistic structures more often than we would normally expect to make parts of texts PARALLEL with one another.


For example, the last line of ztylistics poem with a consistent metre may be foregrounded roregrounding changing the number of syllables it contains. So, for example, if you look at the last three sentences of the previous paragraph you should feel that they are parallel to one another.

Nursery rhymesadverts and slogans often exhibit parallelism in the form of repetition and rhymebut parallelism can also occur over longer texts.


You may find it helpful, after you have found out more about these topics, to revisit those earlier parts of this website and think about them in terms of foregrounding theory. Parallelism can be described as unexpected regularity, while deviation can be seen foregroundinng unexpected irregularity.

Ling , Topic 3 (session A)

Cummings[7] there are two types of deviation: Cummings[7] there are two types of deviation:. There are two main types of foregrounding: This page was last edited on 6 Novemberat Views Read Edit View history.

To sum up, we can say that: The other words are visually stable but they are irregular. For example, jokes are often built on a mixture of parallelism and deviation.

They stand out perceptually as a consequence of the fact that they DEVIATE graphologically from the text which surrounds them in a number of ways. From Wikipedia, the stylistivs encyclopedia. Retrieved from ” https: Note that lots of the things we explored in terms of special meanings and effects in the analysis of particular texts and textual extracts in Topics 1 and 2 can be re-cast in terms of deviation, parallelism and foregrounding.

Firstly, most of the poem deviates from ‘normal’ language primary stylistiics.

Wikipedia articles needing clarification from June The Prague School and Theories of Structure p. This would be an example of a deviation from a secondary norm. They often consist of three parts or characters. This context can be relatively narrow, such as the forrgrounding textual surroundings referred to as a ‘secondary norm’ [5] or wider such as an entire genre referred to as a ‘primary norm’ [6].


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The words ‘ foreground ‘ and ‘ foregrounding ‘ are themselves foregrounded in the previous paragraph. In the following poem by E.

In addition, there is secondary deviation in that the penultimate line is unexpectedly different from the rest of the poem. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. They have the same overall grammatical structure grammatical parallelism and some of the words are repeated in identical syntactic locations. Foregrounding can occur on all levels of language [8] phonologygraphologymorphologylexissyntaxsemantics and pragmatics. Something can only be unexpectedly regular or irregular within a particular context.

Another way is to introduce extra linguistic patterning into a text. The other words are black but they are multi colour ed.