Linguasphere Register of the World’s Languages classified index of over 71, ethnolinguistic names; annotated register of 22, languages & dialects; . The Linguasphere Register of the World’s Languages and Speech Communities is the first attempt at a comprehensive and transnational classification of the. The Linguasphere Observatory was created in in Quebec by David Dalby, and was eventually established and registered in France as a non-profit.
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The divisions of a language into sets, chains, and nets is based on analysis linguaspjere linguistic similarities from statistics. The second number of the code represents the zone into which the sector is divided.
The Linguasphere Observatory French: Wikipedia articles devoted to individual languages, groups of languages, and important sub-divisions of any language.
Hebron, Wales, — vol. The Observatoire was not, however, associated with or responsible linguaspherre the final ISO standard which was a partial result of this collaboration, and which was approved and published by ISO in Initially, it was hoped that this renewed webship might be further developed as a continuously updated bilingual resource, in French as well as English, keeping careful track of all incoming data on the world’s languages.
This page or section incorporates Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia view authors. Contents [ show ]. Sadly, it proved impossible for the Observatoire, as a small voluntary research association, to maintain this desirable task.
Avec le soutien de. The Observatoire was encouraged in this line of reflection when, inWikidata. Languages of the world 13th edn. Letter codes identify various degrees of genetic relatedness and mutual intelligibility.
This has resulted registter the provision of an in-built editorial facility for incorporating Linguasphere referential codes into the info-boxes of en. Within this net, outer languages include:. The first part of the code is a decimal classification made of two numbers from 00 to registre This part of the code is fixed, and is a systematic framework in the classification of the world’s languages.
For that reason, since Linguasphere codes are now increasingly cited in en. Geozones are on average divided into more sets than phylozones because relationships among languages within the latter are by definition more obvious and much closer. The Observatoire has developed an innovative scheme of philological classification, coding all living and recorded languages within a global referential framework or “linguascale”. On the other hand, events and experience have demonstrated that an alternative line of development may be of value in bridging the gap between on the one hand inevitable re-assessments of uncertain or prehistoric linguistic relationships, or revisions of data, and on the other the need to build a coherent and stable framework for the presentation of the realities of modern linguistic geography.
Retrieved from ” https: The motto of the Observatoire linguistique dates from —in French: The advice and agreement of Wikidata and Wikipedia will of course be necessary for this proposal as a potential subject of debate at a future Wikimania meeting?
This Linguascale Framework uses a decimal structure see below to record both genetic and geographic categories of relationship termed phylozones and geozonesrespectively. The Linguascale framework is a referential system covering all languages, as published in the Linguasphere Register in and subsequently refined in Wikidata has the property: The Linguasphere Observatory devised the Linguasphere language codea reference system for world languages, and is published in the Observatory’s Linguasphere Register.
The first letter of this sequence represents an outer unit preferred from to the original term of “outer language”, to avoid the shifting and often emotive applications of the terms “language” and “dialect”. Each zone is divided into one or more setswith each set being represented by the first majuscule of this three-letter alpha-3 component.
Project MUSE – The Linguasphere Register of the World’s Languages and Speech Communities (review)
At the outset of a series of 34 illustrated tryptychs, attention was drawn to the historical role of other transnational languages in the development of such concepts, including Greek and German.
Observatoire Linguistique is a transnational linguistic research network. Each of the zones is divided into at least one set, with each set being represented by the first letter regizter the second section. The structure of this foundation edition of the Register provides the framework for the ongoing research of the Observatoire linguistique, and for the further development and expansion of this site as a free public information service.
Sign In Don’t have an account? Project MUSE Mission Project MUSE promotes the creation and dissemination of essential humanities and social science resources through collaboration with libraries, publishers, and scholars worldwide. The research center is currently located in WalesUnited Kingdom. This first update to linguasphere. It linguaspheee offers a strong statement about the intrinsic value of linguistic diversity and the need for international cooperation in registeg it more systematically.
The foreword 13—14by C olin W illiamsin parallel Welsh and English, calls for international participation in documenting endangered languages and in expanding and improving future editions of the Register. August Learn how and when to remove this template message. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Views Read Edit View history. The Observatoire has now prepared a revised edition of the Linguasphere Register fromthe first of a projected series of regular updates at year intervals.
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He also replaces the language vs. The component zones, like the sectors, are described as either phylozones or geozonesbased on the nature of the relationship among their constituent languages: The sector can either be regieter phylosectorin which the constituent languages are considered to be in a diachronic relationship one with another, or a geosectorin which languages are grouped geographically rather than historically.
The Register lists 13, inner languages with 8, constituent dialects within 4, outer languages, of which 4, are still spoken; these are subsumed inside linguistic sets roughly corresponding to the low-level, uncontroversial genetic families. Without cookies your experience may not be seamless.
The first letter of this section represents the outer language. This article needs additional citations for verification.
The third, and last part of the Linguasphere code consists of 1—3 lowercase letters used to identify linguasohere specific language or dialect with accurate precision, from aaa to zzz. Not a great many languages in the world are likely to be re -classified, after further study and consideration, but a modest number inevitably will be, especially within the five continental geosectors.